What to do when your Canadian visa application is rejected.

A step-by-step guide to requesting the visa officer's notes

If you are one of the unfortunate people that has just had their Canadian visa application refused, it can be one of the most frustrating experiences of your life. Travel plans are spoiled and the hopes of being reunited with distant friends and relatives are in serious jeopardy. [UPDATE: January 7, 2017After reading this blog post, I highly recommend that you check out the special podcast episode I recently did with esteemed immigration policy analyst and lawyer, Richard Kurland entitled: “Has Your Canadian Visa Been Refused. Richard shared some unbelievably valuable insight regarding strategies us immigration lawyers use to overcome Canadian visa refusals. If you like this Post, you will love Season 2 Episode 1 of the Canadian Immigration Podcast released on January 6, 2017.]


And to make matters worse, the form rejection letter provides only a vague reference to an officer’s belief that “you would not leave Canada at the end of your stay.”  You know there must be more to it than that. If only there was a way to get a copy of the visa office file materials so that you could learn the “real reasons” your application was rejected.

Well there is a way to get those file materials and I’m going to show you how!

The Canadian Immigration visa rejection letter will almost always have the following statement enclosed at the end:

Should you wish to reapply, I would suggest that you do so only if your situation has changed substantively or you have significant new information to submit.

If you want to have any hope of getting that refusal overturned, or a second application approved, getting your hands on your immigration Physical File is essential. It will be critical that you know what evidence, or lack thereof, influenced the officer in believing you wouldn’t go home if the visa was approved.

It is only by knowing this information that you will then be in a position to provide “significant new information” on your next application in hopes of getting it approved. By satisfying the underlying concerns revealed in the officers hidden notes, you will then be able to reduce the chances of a second refusal.

The best way to get that information is to do an Access to Information and Privacy (ATIP) request to the Government of Canada. If done properly, this request will give you copies of the actual file materials and a glimpse into the officer’s detailed “internal” reasons for refusing your application. Armed with this knowledge, you are going to be much more likely to have success on your next application.

ATIPs can be used to access government information from a lot of different sources. However, we are going to focus exclusively on requesting a copy of the file materials and officer’s notes related to your rejected Canadian visa.

Getting Started

In order to submit an ATIP request, you must either be a Canadian Citizen, permanent resident, or an individual or corporation physically present in Canada. If you are a foreign national wanting to make an ATIP request and you are not currently present in Canada, you will need to find a representative to complete this for you. If someone else is submitting an ATIP on your behalf, you must sign a consent form allowing them to do so.

You can download the IMM5477: Consent for an Access to Information and Personal Information Request by clicking on this link. Please also note there is a small processing fee for CIC’s trouble in providing this information. The fee is $5.00 CAD per request.

Step by Step Instructions for Requesting an ATIP

An ATIP can be submitted by mail or online. I recommend filing online as it is much quicker. I have set out below the essential steps needed to file your online ATIP request.

Step 1 – Go to the ATIP homepage at https://atip-aiprp.apps.gc.ca/atip/ and select your preferred language (English or French). You can skip through the “Top questions” section and go straight to the bottom and click the “Next” button.

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Step 2 – This will take you to the “Privacy Notice” where after acknowledging you have read and understood the privacy notice by checking the check box, you will then click “continue”.

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Step 3 – Next, select the Department where you wish to submit an ATIP request. You will want to select “Citizenship and Immigration Canada”.

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Step 4 – On the second line, you must indicate whether you are a Canadian Citizen, Permanent Resident, Individual/corporation currently present in Canada or None of the above. Please choose the correct selection for your situation.

NOTE: If you choose “none of the above”, you will not be able to submit the request.

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Step 5 – Enter in your full legal name, phone number and current address. Please note that a fax number is optional, however we recommend that you fill in this section if you have one.

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Step 6 – On the next line, it asks for an email address. Please be sure to enter a valid email address as this is often how the visa office file notes are delivered. On larger files, they may need to send a CD, which is sent to your mailing address.

If you are requesting information for your own file, select “Yes”, but if you are making the request on behalf someone outside of Canada, then select “No”.

You will also select “No” in the next drop down menu because you are requesting the visa office file notes on behalf of a living person. Obviously, you will then need to provide a copy of the signed consent form when prompted to do so.

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Step 7 – Next you are asked to select the category you fit within. This is not mandatory, so you may skip this section. However, if you want to provide this information to the government for statistical purposes,  I indicate “Business (Private Sector)”; however, you would likely select “Member of the Public”. 

You can suggest the best method for receiving the information; however, if the file is too large, they will send it in a CD format regardless of the preference you selected.

Once this has been completed, click “Continue”.

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Step 8 – On the next page you will be prompted to answer whether you would like to make a request under the Privacy OR Access to Information Act. When requesting visa office notes, you are doing so under the Access to Information Act, so choose this option.

You will then be asked the type of record you wish to request. Select “Case Files” and then complete the requested file information. In order to ensure complete accuracy, I would take this information from the visa office refusal letter. I have set out below a sample letter which lists the pertinent information you will need to fill in. I have blocked out certain sections for privacy reasons.

Although not mandatory, you will also be asked to provide the person’s Client ID number which is also known as a Unique Client Identifier (UCI) number. I highly recommend that you include this number if known.

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See the sample work permit refusal letter below.

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Step 9 – Once you have completed the basic file tracking information, you will be asked what type of information you would like to request. Although it may take a little longer, I routinely request the “Physical File” so that I am able to obtain the complete picture. At times there is important information related to the refusal that is not contained within the “Notes in the Electronic File”.

Once you have selected “Physical File”, you will then choose the “File Type”. Simply select the option that pertains to your refusal. For any work permit, study permit, or visitor visa application, you would request “Immigration File: temporary residence”. You are then prompted to insert the “File Number”. This is critical, because without it, you can not make the request. 

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The “File Number” or “Application no.” can be found on the top right of most refusal letters.

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Step 10 – You will also note that there is an open fillable field at the end of this page where you can provide any information that may help an officer to know what exactly you are looking for. However, I often don’t worry to much about this because if you are requesting the entire “Physical File”, then you should receive everything anyways.

If you would like to insert a specific request, you could include something like: “Please provide all notes on file pertaining to the application identified above”.

TIP: If this is a sponsorship application, get a consent form signed from every party otherwise CIC may redact critical information from the file for privacy reasons.

Next, click “Continue”.

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Step 11 – We have reached the final stages of the ATIP request. This next page is where you upload your documents and consent form (if applicable). Please note that if you are requesting an ATIP on behalf of someone else, it is mandatory you upload the consent form (IMM5477: Consent for an Access to Information and Personal Information Request).

TIP: If you have multiple consent forms, you can simply click the “Add” button and a new field will open up to upload a second or third consent form.

Make sure that the documents you upload fit within the file format parameters set by CIC. Any additional documents are to be uploaded within the “Other Documents (optional)” section.

TIP: Although other information is not required, we recommend that you also upload a copy of the refusal letter for good measure.

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Step 12 –  You will need to review all of the information you have entered and pay the processing fee. Be sure to review the information you have entered thoroughly as mistakes could result in the refusal of the ATIP or delayed processing times.

You have the option to modify each section. If you find a field you wish to modify, simply click the blue “Modify” button and you will be taken back to the original page in which you entered it. Be sure to save your changes.

TIP: We recommend printing this page for your records. If something goes awry down the line you will have proof of the submitted ATIP and will be able to make a case to CIC if necessary.

If you have reviewed all your answers and are satisfied, check off the “Certification” box at the bottom of the page and click “Continue”.

Step 13 – The last step is to pay the processing fee. The fee for an ATIP is $5.00 CAD. The only accepted method of payment for the online application is credit card. After you have entered in your payment information and have submitted it your transaction will be processed and a receipt will automatically be generated. Be sure to keep a copy of this receipt as well for your records.

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What happens next?

CIC will now process your ATIP application. They will send it to you by your indicated method (E-mail or CD).

Typically, an ATIP request should take no longer than 30 days. However, if you are requesting a Physical File from a consulate abroad, it will often take up to 60 days, or on rare occasions even longer. If 60 days have passed and you have not received your requested information be sure to follow up with CIC and provide copies of your receipts and submitted application.

After you have received your requested file materials you will be able to see exactly why your application was refused. With this information you are now armed with the information you need to refile your application again and give yourself the best chance of success.

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175 thoughts on “What to do when your Canadian visa application is rejected.

    • Azim,

      Thank you so much for your kind feedback. It took me a whole lot longer to put this little step-by-step guide together than I anticipated. Because of this, I am now trying to decide whether or not I should create these step-by-step guides in video format or continue creating them in the fashion I have done here. What do you recommend? Would you rather have this information in written form, or in video form?

      I would love to receive your thoughts. Thanks once again for your comment. It is very appreciated.

      • Hi Mark,

        Good surprize to read your response.
        1-I have applied for information to better understand the Visa officer reasons and may need to talk to you to re-apply temp visa for my father.
        2-It would be great to have video ‘how to apply’ ATIP form for getting information.

        Warm regards,

    • Hi Mark,
      Thanks for this wonderful opportunity given to people like me I just received my refusal letter based on they are not sure I will leave after my stay after my medicals I don’t have anybody that can help me with this.

      • Abimbola,

        I am going to produce a Podcast on this issue. Subscribe to the Canadian Immigration Podcast on iTunes and join my mailing list to be notified when it is released.

    • Hi Mark

      I am a student of Massage therapy in a private school designated to CiC and also registered in alberta province, am i eligible for PGWP after 2 years program?.. cic mentioned already students completed 2 years programs from these institutes can apply for PGWP..but i have checked some immigrant online forums some students got refused as they completed their program from private schools but not from public or government schools.

    • Amit,

      Welcome to the site. Its great to hear you are helping students to explore new opportunities in countries around the world. There is no better way of becoming cultured and develop tolerance and appreciation for other cultures than to study abroad. I wish you all the best.


  1. i need tourist visa or 10 year multyple visa along with my wife ,, i am punjabi artist singer / music director,,, have great profile ,,, can u plz guide me,, i pay proper tax, have good property, registrd firm, good bank balance,
    can u tell how much is the success rate,,,,,

    • Gurvin,

      Thanks so much for your inquiry. It sounds like you are a very accomplished artist. If you would like direct assistance with your immigration needs, I would recommend that you go to my law firm website to set up a formal paid consultation. We can discuss all of your specific immigration needs in private.

      Please go to http://www.ht-llp.com to set up a consult. I look forward to speaking with you. Have a great day.


  2. Hi,i am denied for the application of a tourist visa for the second time the reason is just a payable of $200 but i already paid for that in exact amount and time. And now i am planning to getting married with my fiancee.

    • This is very unfortunate. However, it has become increasingly common all across CIC Visa offices and in land offices. There are becoming fewer and fewer officers with experience and errors like this are happening with increasing frequency.

      If the only reason your visa application was refused was because of an error made with a processing fee, then it is possible to reach out to The Visa office program manager or case management branch at NHQ to request that the application being readjudicated.

      If you would like to explore this option, I would recommend that you seek representation to do so. I am happy to help; however, you may also have other counsel that can assist you. The process is a little more complicated than I can describe in a blog.

  3. i can not even thank you enough for this information,i was denied a student visa 2 times and was given the same reason “i am not convinced you will leave Canada ” but with this information reapplying will be easier than it was.

    • Ritso,

      Thanks so much for your very kind feedback. I know the information I provide is not always a perfect fit for the individual circumstances of people. However, I am delighted that it has been of some assistance to you. It makes it all worth while.

  4. *Edited post: Please ignore y previous post.
    Thanks for your nice writing Mr. Mark. Actually, huge amount of TRV/Family visa application get rejected in spite of having a good profile. Recently, I (a PhD Student at McGill, awarded a prestigious scholarship) have been rejected two times of my wife TRV application who is working at hospital as a registered physician in Bangladesh. The reason is very surprising. (travel history, country tie). I requested for visa note at ATP web by attaching her consent letter. However, I have been informed from CIC that since my wife is not living in Canada, ATP request will not be applicable. Please based on present law, share your experience regarding this.

    • Ahmed, do you have a friend or family member in Canada (CDN Citizen) that can make the request on her behalf? We can do this request for her; however, the purpose of me providing this information is not to solicit work for my office unless people feel they would benefit from it.

      However, we would be happy to help.

      • Good day,

        I have just been refused visa to Canada. Please, what will it take for you to help me in applying for the ATIP.

        I do not have anybody in Canada who can do this.

        Thank you in anticipation for your prompt response.

      • Hey Mark, i have a friend who has long been searching for help on this case! she got refused twice on Student Visa. base on Financial and home ties error.However she felt that reason is not justify. there maybe more to it and she is willing to know before going ahead for any application.
        Please can u help with the ATIP and what will be the cost. kindly let me know soon as u can.

  5. Hi i have applied for visa multiple times and got rejected the last time i applied was in Nov 2014 and got rejected. Is it possible for me to apply for this ATIP form now or is there any particular time frame or window period in which i can apply? Or do i have to reapply and see again?

    • Neelam,

      I am sorry to hear that you have had so much difficulty obtaining your visa. You can apply for the visa officer notes at any time. You do not need to file a new application. I recommend that you request the notes from each of your previous applications. Make sure to ask for them by file number. I wish you all the best.


  6. This is very informative, thanks for the detailed procedure.

    In response to my application I got this reply:

    “We regret to inform you that we are unable to process your request for the following reason:
    Your request contained contradicting information; you selected physical file (application and supporting documents submitted to CIC by you or your client and all correspondence sent by CIC) although the text entered may imply you wish to receive the electronic notes (status update, officer’s notes and/or reason for refusal). Please specify whether you wish to receive the electronic notes or the physical file.”

    Wouldn’t the physical file include all notes? Should I change request to electronic notes then?

    • The physical file does include all electronic notes. I would contact the ATIP office that sent you the letter for further clarification.

      • I contacted ATIP office and this is the reply from them:

        “We confirm that your assessment is incorrect.

        The physical file contains only the correspondence and the documents submitted by you and sent out to you. The electronic file contains only the notes.

        As per your last request, your file is now complete and will be processed for the electronic notes.”

  7. Hi Mark, Thank you so much for the wonderful, detailed instruction. This is great help for people like us. I already have submitted the request as per your instruction. Today, I got an e-mail from CIC mentioning that, my request has contradictory information. They said, I asked for physical file but the text entered implies that I wish to get electronic notes. I don’t why they feel like this, I did the same thing what you suggested. As you mentioned, physical file contains everything compared to electronic notes. So, I really want to receive the physical file. Now, I am just wondering, is it unlikely that physical file can’t not be sent through e-mail? Because I indicated that I want to get the response in the form of e-mail rather than CD. Please advice me accordingly. What should be the best reply to them mentioning I expect the physical file. Thank you very much for your time and effort.

  8. Greetings!

    Thank you for your post.

    I can’t seem to find the option for ‘Citizenship & Immigration Canada’ on the list of departments one can make requests from. I will like to know is CIC is the same as IRCC (Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada), or if I can submit the request to the latter in the absence of the former.

    Please clarify.
    Thank you.

  9. Hi Mark, that you so much for posting this information. I’m going to send it along to my sister because I just found out I was refused a TRV for lack of family ties (even though all of my family lives in Colombia except my sister) and travel. Perhaps I will need your assistance in the future, depends on the information I receive after making the ATIP request.

    I think BOTH written information and a video with the same information would be really useful for those who have been denied visas. I know many people look up visa information on youtube so in this case you should publish this information via both mediums.

      • i had rejected twice as i put my host is my boyfriend.im not sure if they purposely rejected me because of boyfriend issues.
        as i already given my 1.length of stay is 2 months
        2. of my property documents and my bank statement(5 digit) maybe not enough for them.
        and they still ask my financial and assets status
        3.current emplyment status,i also gave them my employment letter.

        • Yenyen,

          Yes, having a boyfriend as your host can be a problem on a TRV application. However, it is worse to misrepresent the nature of your relationship with your host. Especially when you then decide to get married and have to explain further details about your relationship including when your relationship started.

          As I have told others, I am going to be releasing a new podcast shortly on what to do when your visa application is refused. Stay tuned to the Canadian Immigration Podcast and be notified of new Episodes the moment they are released by subscribing to the Podcast on iTunes: https://itunes.apple.com/ca/podcast/canadian-immigration-podcast/id898520702?mt=2

  10. Hi Mark
    I am Sharan,my visitor visa got rejected in January,my husband is in Canada on work permit .He is a long haul driver.Visa officer rejected my son’s and mine visa.plz guide me.

    • I am sorry this happened to you. This is not uncommon for “low skill” TFWs. Often IRCC will reject the temporary resident applications of accompanying family members as IRCC may have concerns that an entire family could be supported on the wages of a low skill position – regardless of the fact truck drivers tend to earn a decent wage in Canada.

      Request the visa office notes and then you can see if there is anything you can do differently on a second application to satisfy the concerns of the visa officer.

  11. hi Mark:

    Do you know what kind of rejections/comments are usually made in the Visa Officer’s notes in order to refuse visitor visas?

    Thank you.

    • I guess I should probably provide everyone with a copy of a sample refusal letter in the show notes of my upcoming Podcast. Subscribe to the Canadian Immigration Podcast on iTunes and subscribe to my newsletter to be informed when the Podcast is released.

  12. Hi there,
    Excellently written and this is exactly what I needed!
    Thank you.
    One question,is it okay if someone else pays for it other than me or the person who’s residing in Canada I’m asking to get the information on my behalf?
    For example,my brother’s residing in Canada and he can retrieve this information for me but we don’t want to use his credit card since it’s troublesome to send money from my country.Rather my grandfather will let him use his credit card and pay for it(we’ll send him the credit card details and pin,etc)

    Thanks again.

  13. Thank you for the information. My work permit extension has been refused with unclear reasons. My question is can I use somebody else credit card to pay the fee for access to information. My bank told me that someone was attempting to use my card that’s why they need to block my card.

    Thank You,

  14. Hi Mark,
    Last month i applied Tourist visa of canada but canadian govt refuse me for the following reason
    1. Insufficent funds
    2. Purpose of visit
    Even though i am already visited england & austriala. on both visited time i had minimum amount.

    • Yes, this happens at times. I would request the visa office notes and then try to address the officer’s specific concerns in a subsequent application. Good luck!

  15. Thank you for your explanation on retrieving notes from refused application it was a big help.

    I have a permanent visa application in and was a approve in Canada and now my application is sent to my home country for further processing. During this long wait i apply for a TRV and was refused the two reason was Travel history and financial lacking. I read the notes and for the past 8 months i do everything to address these concerns, i have travel to 4 different countries, develop countries like Bahamas, Barbados, Trinidad and Antigua, plus now i sent in my bank statement with more than enough money for my stay. What do you think?

    • this is very common. If you have a PR application in the queue, the burden of showing “temporary intent” on the TRV application becomes much higher than normal. You may have to wait it out until PR is obtained. There are other mechanisms that you could pursue; however, these take a lot of time and you would likely obtain PR by that time.

  16. Hello Mark,
    I am from Hong Kong. I have applied some master and diploma program in Canada. While still waiting for the results from public colleges, other private colleges said once I signed the contract with them, they will give me the conditional offer for applying the study permit. However, I have two minor children I would like to take with me. Friends later told me that it’s almost zero chance to get a study permit when CIC see I have dependent children. Is that true? How difficult is that to get a study permit for my case. Thanks

    • Tina,

      I disagree with the fact you would have “Zero” chance. Obviously it is more difficult. However, I just had someone contact our office with a refusal “because” he left his wife and child behind. If you are a single parent, the obvious question is how you will care for the child and support two people financially while in Canada. In order to increase your chances, you need to present your “plan” to the officer so that they can see exactly how you are going to make this work.

  17. Hi. I have just applied for an eTa to Canada. I am a British citizen but have permanent residency in Australia. I paid the required $7 and a day later received my eTa approval number.

    A day after that I received another e-mail that said my application was rejected, and I must address the issue/s listed before I apply for another eTa.

    There were no issues to be addressed. The area was blank!

    This eTa system is seriously fu@ked up. I have sent a request off to the embassy in Australia to find out what the problem is. Luckily I still have a fair bit of time before my planned bike trip to try and get it sorted.

    If I had been travelling in the next few days, I’d be in real mess. The other galling thing is that I need not have applied for this eTa in any case, because Canada is operating a leniency period for travellers who haven’t got one.

    But now, I’m supposedly going to be refused entry if I arrive without the eTa.

    At the same time I got the ESTA for entry into the States – no issues there at all.

    I’m sure it’s some kind of glitch they have in their system, but it is very worrying and very frustrating.

    • Simon,

      It is a gong show. I can’t really say anything more than this. Each time IRCC released a new online portal, it never seems to be properly bata tested. They tend to rely on the users to give feedback on the glitches. I recommend you share your frustrations at every opportunity. With clear errors like this, the CBSA will deal with it when you arrive at the POE. Take screen shots of the messages you get and then present them to the officers at the POE in case you get flagged on entry.I don’t anticipate this being a problem….just a major hassle.

  18. Thanks for this pieces of information.

    Please i have a few question. I want to apply as a student to Canadian universities/colleges. But i am little confused.

    1. I graduated from high school in 2011 and i had a year and few months work experience. Later i went for a 3 years diploma(first diploma) course in computer science.

    2. I want to apply to schools in canada with the same course but on an advanced level diploma or Degree.

    3. Whats is my chances of been accepted and given study permit since most schools in canada preferred Higher diploma or Degrees or even High school diploma.

    4. Do you think applying with High school diploma is cool or i should apply with my first(ordinary diploma).


    • Victor, this will largely depend on the individual school you are applying to. I wish you all the best in your desire to study in Canada.

  19. Hello, I sponsored my husband almost 9 months from Algiers, he had his interview two months ago we still didn’t have a reply. I want him to visit me for the summer because I cant get holidays this year. I have stayed in Algiers for a while with him, what can I do to get him to visit? what are our options?

    • Celine,

      It is going to be very difficult to get a TRV approved for your husband while your spousal application is being processed. There is no harm in making the request; however, it would be very unlikely that it would be approved. In my upcoming Podcast Episode, we are going to discuss some of the reasons TRV applications get refused. You should be able to get some ideas from this Podcast.

  20. Dear sir,

    I hope this email finds you well.

    Could you please let me know that I and my daughter applied for canada visit visa but unfortunately it was refused. Can I know that till how much time after refusal I can appeal and ask for ATIP request?

    What is the time frame for ATIP request after refusal ?

    Also can I appeal for same application or would I have to re-apply again by submitting fees again?

    Please tell me.

  21. Hello Mark,
    First of all, thank you so much for guiding the needful in this procedure.

    My father had applied in 2005 AND 2008 through his brother sponsorship as he is a canadian citizen but he was refused a visa. In 2015, i came to canada as a student and i am graduating in june 2016.
    I wanted to invite him for my convocation ceremony but he is denied visa the 3rd time. lack of funds and travel history are the reasons given but he showed ample funds and i dont think for a father to meet a son, you need to first create a travel history. he is working hard and saving money for my education and how can he be denied to come for my convocation.
    we are very upset about the same. Is there a way, anything can be done. 3rd time rejection is really disappointing.

    Please help, i want to meet my father from India.

  22. Hi Mark,

    My student visa was rejected on 19 April 16 based on I have not satisfied the officer that i would leave Canada at the end of my stay. Factors considered were travel history and immigration status in country of residence.

    I am a citizen of Malaysia which was clearly stated in the application form hence, I am confused why one of reasons for rejection was immigration status in country of residence.

    The other rejection reason was travel history. I had travelled to Israel in 2013 as Christians in Malaysia are now permitted to make pilgrimage visit to Israel. Do you think going to Israel was the reason for the rejection?

    Please advise if I were to reapply … do I have to use the same UCI number and application number from the rejection letter? Or a new application number will be given to me when I reapply?

    Really appreciate your kind advise and assistance.


  23. Hi Mark, Hope you doing fine at your desk. My study permit is refused once with few grounds like- Travel history, purpose of visit, employment prospect etc. Now with few changes I want to resubmit my application. eg: I paid full Tuition fees, recently visited a country, My company issued a letter mentioning that they will accomodate me after successful completion of study at Canada. So pls suggest me, along with main application form and SOP , do I need to write any covering letter regarding these changed condition.

  24. I applied for multiple visa 2013, but was refused. I later applied for student visa last two years and was given. Last month I applied for Permanent residence under Nominee Program. But i didn’t remember to mention in my application that i was denied visa in 2013. I am worried if this could be a problem of “misrepresentation” of facts even though i am here on post graduate work permit. Please i need your answer.

    • Any misrepresentation within an immigration application can cause problems. I always recommend complete honesty within the application.If you have discovered an “innocent” misrepresentation within your application, you have an obligation to notify the PNP program of that misrepresentation and correct the error.

  25. Hi. I want to go for a diploma in journalism from canadian colleges. I presently hold a BBA degree(3 years) from an indian deemed university. Since, this is a career switch for me, I know that the embassy may reject my visa on the grounds of no relevance to previous study.
    I have now decided to pursue my pg diploma of 1 year from indian university and then apply for canada in 2017 for diploma/certificate course. Will they still reject my visa?

    • I can’t really provide advice on this. Everything depends upon your personal circumstances. However, if your education plan seems a little unfocused, this can lead an officer to question whether or not your interest in studying in Canada is truly genuine.

  26. Hello Mark
    Good u r helping making dreams come true. God make ur dreams come true.

    I wanted to know what r the success rate of Atip. My visa is refused stating travel history, funds, employment not cleared. I had travelled USA, UK, Europe,newzealand many times. I business company is registered from 2005. Have provided 50000cad in my account. Me and my wife going to explore business leaving kids in home country still I am being refused. I think the officer have not gone through the papers properly. In my covering letter I have mentioned every thing about my company even the no of employees stilling am given reason employment not cleared. Is 50000cad not enough for 15days. Kids are not going with us.
    If I apply for Atip, do I have any chances.

    • Ajit,

      Submit the ATIP. You need to see if there are any detailed reasons that can help you when applying again. You will never know unless you file the ATIP. Once you obtain this, you will then have a better idea as to what you should do next.

      I wish you all the best.

  27. Greetings Mark,

    Thank you for all the insights that you provide on your website, it is highly appreciated. I have two issues I will kindly like you to address

    1. ATIP success rate: I was going to follow you advise with regards to pursuing this option, however, on discussion with a Canadian citizen who works with the civil service at another Canadian agency and was willing to help me submit it told me that there will 3 reviews of the case file and anything that could ‘hurt’ the reputation of CIC would be expunged and whatever report is issued would not really make a difference. He said the first training officers get is NEVER to document/write whatever biases they might have about an applicant’s intention down. So he felt it would be counterproductive to the applicant.

    2. Refusal Denial: I got a refusal letter where ONLY the last item was ticked.
    ‘Other reasons: your proposed studies are not reasonable in the light of one or more of:your qualifications, previous studies, level of establishment, or your future prospects and plans’. Honestly, I think the officer that processed this considered the possibility of ‘dual intent’ and despite meeting all the criteria required, unilaterally decided to refuse the application, perhaps because the applicant is from developing country. What is your advise here please, considering we are not sure of the success rate of ATIP?

    Thank you.

    • Tayo,

      There is no conspiracy here. Request the ATIP. If it doesn’t contain any useful information, then attempt to file again and address each and every concern stated in the previous refusal.

      If this application is refused, then you consider filing a Judical Review application if you are concerned the officer was biased and committed an error in fact or law.

      If you are coming from a country with a high degree of overstay in Canada, this does play a role in the officer’s decision. However, without seeing exactly what has happened within your application and how you answered the questions within your application, it is impossible for me to give you any further advice without being formally retained to represent you. Representation always starts with a formal paid consultation.

      I wish you all the best.

      • Thank you Mark for your response.

        You probably misunderstand me, I do not think there is any conspiracy any where, it is logical for them to do what their doing for National Security reasons/dual intent etc.

        You yourself stated that if the person is coming from a country of where there has been experience with over-stayers, then that could contribute to the officer’s decision making, I would have thought it is much fairer to treat all applications on a case-by-case basis, regardless of past experiences as that would amount to discrimination.

        The point I was trying to make is that the CIC cannot objectively audit/regulate its own operations. I feel the second option of a Judicial Review would be more acceptable in my own estimation, you may choose to disagree with that position.

        Nevertheless, I would be happy to have your official email address so I discuss the possibility of retaining your services.

        Best regards.

    • It all depends on the reasons for refusal. If there is additional information you could provide that was not included with the original application AND if this information can respond to the grounds for refusal set out in the refusal letter, then go for it. However, I recommend that you request the visa office notes before refiling.

      Good luck!

  28. Hi

    I just submitted one request online on behalf of someone and found that information provided on this page is very helpful. One thing that I want to bring your notice that now there are some steps changed and due to that this page needs to update with new modification done by CIC. In this way it will be less confusion for person who has less knowledge of internet and filling information online.

    Warm regards,

  29. This is a wonderful tool! Thank you so much for taking the time to provide such clear, and easy to follow instruction!

    Many thanks,

  30. Good day sir, i am a Cameroonian who recently applied for a student visa to Canada but was denied with reasons stating that i will not return to my country off origin after my studies. the refusal letter states that the visa officer reached that decision considering the following factors: Travel history and Purpose of visit. i had already paid upfront part of my school fees and i am due to start school in September. i would love to reapply but don’t know how to go about compiling a new file,i also got no one there in Canada who can follow up the procedures you mentioned above.please i need your help on what to do. thanks

  31. Please, my question is the person who applied for ”Access to Information” is currently in canada but she will be leaving canada for another country before the GCMS notes arrives, will this influence my application or cause any denial ???

    • Kwabs,

      She needs to file the request before she leaves. Ultimately, the response will likely come back via email so there should not be any major issues.


  32. Hi Mark,

    I have already submitted my application, but there are currently some files I would like to include. How can I add them before a final verdict?

    • Vlad,

      What type of application did you submit? If you were filing the eAPR application through the express entry system, there is no option for you to update your file at your choosing. IRCC consistently refuses to accept additional documentation after the eAPR application has been submitted. The only exception is if they open up a separate document slot for circumstances where police clearances or other essential documents were not available at the beginning of the application.

      However, even in the circumstances it is up to them as to whether they wish to allow this, or whether they will simply return your application for being filed with incomplete supporting documents.

      In the past I have attempted to upload additional documents in the context of an express entry application through the case specific inquiry web portal; however, in each case, the document was never matched up properly with the application. This would be the only option available to you if your application was filed through the express entry system: https://secure.cic.gc.ca/enquiries-renseignements/canada-case-cas-eng.aspx

  33. Hi Mark,

    Recently my friend got rejected back in 2013 for not having close family ties to his home country which he carries an albanian passport but currently resides in the caribeans, he wants to come back to canada to visit or the next 6 months, just enough time for him to get his permanent citizenship I have not seen my friend for over 5 years now. I miss him dearly.

    Can you please help us on how to getting him back here in hopes of his application getting approved?

    Kind Regards,


    • Raghu,

      There is no specific time line on how long you have to wait before refiling. The most important part is that you address the specific concerns the officer had on your first refusal. If you do not do this, the second application will result in a refusal just the same.


  34. I am applying for canadian study permit….if it is rejected can I go for this process to get detailed reason of rejection?

    • SM,

      If you are concerned that your study permit application will be rejected, I highly recommend that you engage reputable immigration representation to assist you with the process. Immigration lawyers and qualified immigration consultants will have had prior experience dealing with the Visa office and will be able to help you in understanding the parts of your application that may cause you problems and also suggest alternative supporting documents to strengthen your case.

      In the end, if you choose to file your application on your own and it is rejected, you can use this process (the ATIP request) to obtain a copy of the Visa officer notes which provide more details regarding the actual reasons for the refusal. However, it is far better to be proactive and submit a very strong application at the very beginning, then to submit one that is not very strong, get a refusal, and then try to get the officers notes to know the areas that you need to strengthen.

      The reasons for refusal are very common for everyone. Highly experienced representatives will be able to let you know what those reasons are and provide advice to you on how to strengthen your applications so that it gets approved the first time. My position has always been that you get what you pay for.

      I wish you all the best my friend.


  35. Hi Mark,
    Thank you so much for this very helpful post. I will definitely give this try to get complete details as recently TRVs rejected for My Brother and his family, last year Mother-in-law got rejected for Super Visa. it also come to my knowledge that local MP can also submit (ATIP) requests but not sure whether MP office will provide me complete detail.
    Just need your best advise should I contact MP office or not , or can I submit two (ATIP) requests one by myself and one through local MP office which option is right?
    Thank you in advance and really appreciate all your help and time

    • Naveed,

      As a result of the recent changes to the Canadian immigration process, everything has become much more difficult and complicated. When I am dealing with situations such as yours, I access every option that is available to me. I would recommend that you do both. The MP may be able to get a response sooner, but the ATIP request may provide you with more detailed information.

  36. 2012 I went to Canada as a TFW, I had apply for AINP and was denied May 2015. They had call me on May 5 , 2015 when my work permit expires May 1, 2015 I told the officer that I had applied for an bridge work permit in which my application is in. Informing the offer that didn’t change anything. In the breathe of that I had apply for ANIP from November 2013. Which I had waited over 14 months for an answer. While waiting for the bridge work permit I received a denied letter stating I would need an LMIA, with all this I’m pregnant and still staying positive as I really love working in Canada and with the hope of becoming permanent resident… Coming to Canada in the first place I considered it as a golden opportunity. My employer applied for an LMIA and we got a positive respond in September 2015 (The tunnel seems like there is no light at the end)In July 2015 I had apply for a renewal of my passport which would expired October, 2015. I had send in my Lmia to apply for my work permit with a letter stating I had my passport in for renewal. I gave birth October and received my passport early November the moment I received it I sent it in to CIC. As per CIC at that time work permit processing time takes 144days. In March2016 I got another denied application stating my that my passport is expired. I had the LMIA which will expire few days. I exit Canada to apply from outside and was denied again. Very hurt knowing I’m following the legal part of becoming a Permanent Residence and the fact I gave birth in Canada. How can I get the chance to even take my child to the country of birth?

    • Inani,

      I am really sorry to hear about your situation. I feel very badly for you. Ultimately, if you had reached out to me at the onset there would’ve been many options to ensure everything went through properly. However, after numerous refusals it becomes considerably more difficult. With this being said, I would be happy to have a call with you to discuss your circumstances explore possible alternatives that may be available. You would need to Book a paid consultation through the following link on my firm website: This specific request will also need to go through a formal paid consultation process. I would need to examine your specific circumstances in detail in order to offer you a legal opinion. You can book the consult through this link: http://www.ht-llp.com/contact/


  37. Hay, i am a international student on PGWP, i applied for TRV for my mother so she can come for my convocation, but go refused, reasons-travel history(she never left the country of residence) and family ties in both the countries, i reapplied by attaching a latter of explanation now waiting for result. meanwhile i applied for physical file from IRCC and they replied me by this
    “Your request contained contradicting information; you selected the physical file (application forms, supporting documents and correspondences sent to and/or from IRCC) although the text entered may imply you wish to receive the electronic notes of the immigration or citizenship officer(s) which would provide you with a file status or update. Please specify whether you wish to receive the electronic notes or the physical file”
    please suggest the reply to them now

    Please and Thanks.

  38. Hi Mark,
    thanks for the information, I however cannot apply for the officers notes as school starts for me in September. My study permit was refuse. The officer stated that i did not have enough finances to support myself in the country, that i don’t satisfy the officer that i would leave Canada at the end of my stay, purpose of visit (even though i submitted a copy of my acceptance letter) and personal assets and financial status (in my country a 18 year old is considered an adult however we don’t own our own car houses etc as we are just fresh out of high school). what should i do i am running about of time and i would like to be able to attend school this fall.

    • Chantanese,

      I really do wish I could offer you an opinion; however, do to the complexity of your situation, I would also need you to go through a formal paid consultation process. I would need to examine your specific circumstances in detail in order to offer you a legal opinion. You can book a consult through this link: http://www.ht-llp.com/contact/

  39. Hello,
    My student visa and entry visa both expires on Dec 31th and my study will complete at 15TH Dec. I want extension to apply for study or work permit. What are the chances of refuse
    Please help!!!!!!!!!

    • Dilbar,

      This specific request will also need to go through a formal paid consultation process. I would need to examine your specific circumstances in detail in order to offer you a legal opinion. You can book a consult through this link: http://www.ht-llp.com/contact/

  40. Sir Mark Holthe,

    I am in need of your suggestion for the below query.

    I am a Biomedical Engineer and have Pakistani nationality, completed my Schooling, High School and University(undergraduate) from Pakistan. Presently I received graduate admission in University of Waterloo and applied for study permit from Karachi, Pakistan. Unfortunately, my visa is denied due to below reasons from visa official.

    1- You have not satisfied me that you would leave Canada at the end of your stay. In reaching this
    decision, I considered several factors, including:

    a- travel history
    b- length of proposed stay in Canada

    2- Other reasons:

    a – Not satisfied that you are a bona fide student & would depart Canada at end of an authorized stay.

    Despite of submitting all the documents they have refused my visa for higher studies. My father is working in Saudi Arabia and I only use to visit my parent on and off in Summer vacations. Further I also want to notify that last year I applied for USA student visa and got rejected under section 214(b)twice. On first attempt I forget to take one document whereas on second time they reject similarly under section 214(b) without any known reason.

    My Classes at University of Waterloo for Fall will began in September and registration in August. Please suggest me shall I apply again for visa? Or as you directed in website to go through ATIP process which will strengthen the case as I have some relative as an Canadian immigrates.

    Your reply will be highly appreciable,

  41. I got rejection for Canadian student visa.My name is Yash.I got 6 bands in IELTS with no less than 5.5 in each module.Still I got rejection.I have applied after completing of my 12th science.Now what I have to do to get Canadian student visa.Please help me.

  42. Hi Mark,

    I’m glad I found your website. What legal actions do Immigration Lawyers do to overturn Visa Officer’s refusal outside Canada on TFW applicant due to family ties & current employment status in country of residence? Other than appealing at the Federal Court?

    What other legal actions do Immigration Lawyers provide to help refused TFW get approval and overturn Visa Officers refusal outside Canada?

    After getting “ATIP” and addressing the reasons of refusal stated therein, do Immigration Lawyers just simply send an explanation letter to the Visa Officer abroad why the TFW applicant should not be refused and advise applicant to re-apply, submit new supporting documents together with Immigration Lawyer endorsement letter?

    What if the Visa Officers still refused TFW applicant despite addressing the ATIP?

    Do TFW need to include “ATIP” letter so the new Visa Officer would know the previous reason of refusal? Most V.O. if not all provides different reason of refusals.

    Do Immigration Lawyers coordinate to the Visa Program Manager abroad where the refused TFW submitted application and ask VPM to review the application or re-assess?

    How do Immigration Lawyers make it possible to help refused TFW get an approval?
    Do you coordinate directly with the Visa Office abroad or how do you go about it? Do you coordinate or talk to someone Higher in Canada?

    Please enlighten me.

    Thank you Mark.

    • JC,

      Thank you for you detailed question. I really appreciate you asking it. Immigration Lawyers do not have any special “pull” with visa officers to get refused applications approved when visa applications are rejected. What a competent qualified immigration lawyer does is ensure that the decision of the office is correct in law and if there are any procedure errors committed within the adjudication process, Federal Court is the remedy. However, where no procedural errors have occurred, then the ATIP provides the basis upon which an application can be resubmitted. The second application will only be successful if evidence can be provided to satisfy the concerns of the previous officer when the application was rejected.

      The second visa officer will always have access to the complete history of the first refusal, so there is no need to include a copy of the ATIP file.

      Ultimately, the best time to get an application approved is on the very first try. At times, it does not matter how well an application is prepared, the indiviudal background of the person applying may simply be too weak to justify an approval in the eyes of an officer. In some cases, the initial application was prepared so poorly, that the only option a visa officer had was to refuse. In these circumstances we have had great success in getting the second application approved because of the complete information we provided in the second application.

      However, there have been other times, including just yesterday where a client hired us to refile a study permit application. We worked extremely hard to do everything in our power to strengthen the second application. However, the fact that the application was not currently employed and wanted to make a career change by going to school in Canada in an area he had little documented experience in was simply too much for us to overcome. It is always a terrible thing to notify a client that even after our best efforts, we could not change an officer’s mind.

      Ultimately, immigration lawyers do have the ability to reach out to the program manager at a visa office to address refused applications in an attempt to get them reconsidered. However, in most cases it is extremely difficult to obtain an approval on a second application when the initial application is not presented properly. The first refusal has a significant influence on the decision of the second officer.

      I wish you all the best.

  43. Hi, there

    Thanks so much for this instruction!

    A question as I am requesting the file: right now the file type changed to “case file”, so I can only request the application and supporting documents and forms from IRCC OR electronic notes from visa officers, so which one should I request for detailed reasons of visa rejection.

    Thanks Again!! 🙂

  44. Hello,
    My visit visa was rejected twice with the reasons as 1) no travel history
    2) financial status and ties in home country and in Canada.

    My husband and brother are in Canada on student visa.
    I want to visit my husband with my baby for his birthday and marriage anniversary.
    Reason was mentioned clearly and I work hear in a reputed MNC I have maintained good amount of balance in my account.
    Please suggest me what to do further

  45. Hi. This grace. I was applyng for student visa. I got the acceptance letter from Georgian College. I am a teacher and I want to study Early Childhood Education and I even paid my 1 year tuition fee. I have aunt and sister in law living in Canada therefore I will stay there. I have funds to support my studies even my aunt will support me but My application for student visa was refused for this reason “the consul was not convinced that I would return aftermy stay”. I was so sad and finding ways of the things I should do for them to be convinced that I will return in my country after my studies. Please help me with this. Thank you very much.

  46. I’m now noot sure tthe place you’re getting your information, but
    good topic. I must spend some time learning much more or figuring out more.

    Thanks for great innfo I was in search of this information for my mission.

  47. A few days ago i received my letter of acceptance from a Canadian flying school located in Vancouver, BC. Also, i had received my IELTS results with an overall score of 7 bands respectively. I am checking to make sure if i am eligible and can get a study permit for the commercial pilot course. Note- In 2010 i had applied and received a study permit for the same course in a different college in Pitt meadows, BC. After completion of 70% of the course I flew back to India for my sisters wedding with an assurance from the college owner that he will provide me with all the required documents needed for renewal of the visa, to which he never obliged and after making few excuses he said he will take all the money resting in my college account and not provide me with any documents. I had filed a complain with PCTIA which is the regulatory authority in British Columbia. My question here is, can I apply for the same course after all these years and is there a problem if any in my case in obtaining a study permit.
    here is the timeline
    applied and received study permit aug- 2010 -2011 (applied for renewal of study permit and left for India for a month of vacation for my sisters wedding)
    In due time completed my degree in Commerce during 2012-2015
    working in a small firm since 2015
    now i am 28 years old
    Furthermore, as i have gathered all the required amount needed for the pilot training course (renewal and further completion) i am planning to apply for the study permit.
    kindly, understand and suggest me what best can be done in my case.

  48. Hello Mark,
    I applied for Canada student visa in 2008 and got rejection. I would like to get the information from Canadian Embassy. I need to find the documents i submitted with the embassy. can i get that information and if yes what is the procedure? secondly, Should i write to Canadian embassy in New Delhi, India or online to IRCC? I have my sister living in Canada who can fill online application.
    Can you please guide me.

  49. Dear Sir,
    I am Subashini Jackson , applied for PR and got rejected for not meeting the minimal requirements of secondary credential evaluation in 2014. Now Is it possible to apply for student visa? Pls advice
    Subashini Jackson

  50. Hi there,
    Just recieved my refusal letter for applying work permit saying they are not satisfied that i would leave Canada after my contract reasons are:employment prospects in country of residence, and current employment situation.I am planning to reapply can you please give me an advice what to do and what addtional information can I add in my apllication.thank u so much! Your reply so much appreciated.

  51. Hi Mark,

    I am Chandan Narayan. Basically from India, but currently in South Korea, for my Doctoral course. I just got rejected of my visitor visa, again with the same old generic reasons. I would want to apply for the ATIP. But I really wonder, How is there no option of calling the visa office directly and talking to any concerned officer regarding the issues. I have submitted every other document, but do not find a way to ask for a review. I saw that ATIP will take a minimum of 30 days, but again applying, and if successful, will get the visa only after a 3 month period. But I have my conference in 45 days from now. Any suggestions?

  52. You have madee some good points there. I checked on the net for additional
    information about the issue and found most individuals will go aalong with
    your views on this site.

  53. Hello respected sir,

    I have applied for canadian study permit. But I were denied for visa, as they mentioned “other reason”. I have compelted my 12th grade with 80.33% in 2015. I have 6.5 bands in IELTS exam. I have showed more funds than the require funds. I put my file on 14 june and got refusal on 21 july. I have again reapplied for study permit with jusrification letter. I have selected massage therapy course 2 year diploma(requirements-biology and computer practical). Biology subject i got 86/100 marks and in computer practical I got 45/50 marks.
    Please suggest I may get visa??

  54. Hloo sir I got 72.6% in my 12 th humanities and 6 band overall not less than 5.5 but tgen also I got refusal I choose sociology course community development work and I scored 69/100 in sociology now if I reapply in general category can I get visa and my reasons for refusal is given in others

  55. Hi,
    My parents got rejected for the tourist visa to visit me in Canada. In the refusal letter officer invites us to reapply if we can address the concerns like ties, proof of funds, travel history.
    I am waiting for CAIPS right now, but my question is can I reapply in a month with the same document and same application forms (dated July 30/2016) just adding cover letter, addressing the issues or do I need to fill out new application forms and ask for the new employment letters etc.? In general, what’s the “expiation date” for the supporting documents?

    Thank you!

  56. My visa application for study permit for langara college,vancouver of september intake is rejected.
    What shall i do now?
    Please guide me some good way to coperate with this and get my study visa as my classes are going to start soon.
    I will be very thankfull to you

  57. Hello Mark,

    Thank you for sharing your expertise and free knowledge to all who are truly seeking help. Your genuine contribution to all of us is much thanked for.

    My case is, having being refused my PR application because my documents did not reach a day earlier to the CIC dept. The papers were sent to the concerned consulate a day before by registered mail since CIC does not accept hand delivered documents. While the registered mail was on its way, the following day, I received a “refusal email” from CIC.

    All documents were in-order as requested by the CIC dept.

    Was then given an opportunity to appeal. Therefore the appeal was made (now in process waiting to hear from the appeal dept).

    Question 1: Do I need to resubmit a new application? (stands a better chance rather than appealing?)

    Question 2: If re-applying, was curious to know will I need to go through all the document process again or submit only the documents that were delayed because of being registered mailed and could not reach the officer on time?

    Your feedback will be helpful.

    Many thanks.

  58. Hello, please i have question.
    I just applied for my visa and they will refuse me for the second time since my husband have a PR. The refuse was because i have not proof of work and relationship . Do you have any idea ?? What is the solution !?

  59. hi, i’m amandeep kaur nd i got my canada visa refused on 13th august. I dont know the particular reason behind that.pls suggest me the better guidence for reapplying.

  60. thanks for this useful information Mark!
    i have sent an application on the subject due to a refusal for a student visa

  61. Hello,

    Thank you for your amazing article. I want to tell you a little bit about my story and see if you can help me, I am in quebec, and I want to study here so I applied for my CAQ and it was approved, so I make my study permit application, which was denied because “I didn’t send the CAQ” and “I am not convinced you will leave Canada”, when I check my application I saw that I DO make a mistake, I send another document instead of the CAQ!!, so I re/apply and I send the documents right and also I send a Letter of explanation telling them why I want to make this program and explain them that I make a mistake in my first application.

    Do you think I have a good chance on been approved this time? I am really worry, I have a limit date to get the study permit to my institution. I apply for the second time on August 1, but I have not receive any respond yet.

    Thanks you very much.

    • Is there any stated time limits to reaplying against refusals. My letter did not state a time frame! confused reg that rule if any?

  62. HELLO SIR! i have refused canadianstudy permit dates18 aug 2016. i ave the right to appeal, i have been since preparing additional docs and my persnal letter andient of study letter. should submit repliction by ed of next week.
    i had a quick query regardng the impact filling ot the wong informaion by misake have on a reaplication appl. where the mistake made earlier rectified!?
    i had stated ‘no’ in background point info 2b and i’ll corect that and state yes with approproate details, in my appl form while reapplying.
    I would like your expert comments on what if any affect that might have on the visa officers decision making (thought process) ??

    Thk you for your promt repy!

    Kind redards Ali S.

    • sorry for the following typo’s in earlier post:

      * have been, dated, i have, personal letter, intent of study letter, reaplication, by end, * mistake is later rectified, *kind regards !

  63. Hello,

    Thank you very much for your advice. I was just informed by the CIC that my application was refused due to lack of reasons to come back to my home country, the Philippines. My scheduled trip is this year. The following were ticked off as reasons for rejection: travel history, employment prospects in my home country, and personal assets and financial status.

    In my application I included a certificate of employment that proves I’m under contract until next April, payslips, bank certificates and statements. I’ve shown several trips made to Europe and around Asia in the last 6 years. I’m not sure what more to give. I am concerned that if I apply for an ATIP I won’t get it in time to send my second application. Also if I get refused twice, how does that affect my chances of future visa approval for other countries too?

    Hope to hear from you.

    Thank you!

  64. I have applied for student visa for the year 2015 and 2016 and my application was rejected citing that you hided the undergraduate transcript of semester exams with undeclared failures and you had chosen basic college level course as per CAIPS

  65. Hi! I have had 3 denied tourist visas from the US and I am planning to apply for a student visa in Canada. What are my chances of having the visa approved?

  66. Hi,
    Good day. We applied for a tourist visa for my sister and her 2 sons but unfortunaltely it was refused. We request an ATIP , rcvd it within 30 day. Applied again and submitted all the docs needed base on the reply of the ATIP. Rcvd a message yesterday saying that it is refused due to Personal Status and Financial Asset, which was not mentioned on the 1st refusal letter. Don’t they check on the old file? Pls help, don’t know what to do now. Thank you in advance

  67. I had applied for a ATIP, and yet again the same reasons were given stating that I do not have good enough ties with my country of residence, that i will be able to leave Canada. Thats absolutely ridiculous when I have attached a letter from my professor stating that my expenses will be covered and my monthly stipend from the graduate school will be provided till the end of my studies. I do not understand what the immigration officer is expecting me to have!!!!
    I really want to challenge his decision of denying me the travel visa. Please let me know how to go about it. I hope it isn’t a too costly affair though.

  68. This has been an interesting read , we have been to Canada this year but before the deadline of Sept 16 th having to obtain an ETA , but we still sent an app of my husbands was excepted unfortunately I was not that lucky I might never be albe to visit my friends again in Canada again a country that I love I’m devastated but don’t know where to turn , could u pls send me some information on a way forward with this situation , thank you .

  69. Hi there,

    Let me first start by saying that your article, “What to do when your Canadian visa application is rejected” is very well written. I have a follow up question. How long does Immigration retain paper files at the embassy? My friend’s study permit was refused by the Canadian High Commission in New Delhi in 2010. It has been six years since the study permit was refused. Will the embassy still have the paper files?

  70. Hello Mark,

    My brother helped me to request for an ATIP after I was refused student Visa. When we got the ATIP the summary states: “Refused on bonafides,funds Applicant states his studies for Biochemistry at University of Regina will be sponsored by an uncle and the brother-in-law. I am not satisfied as to why an uncle (with no proof of relationship) would sponsor these studies and sister has not provided proof of relationship or funds. Given lack of funding I am not Satisfied as to the true purpose of travel. Further not satisfied other funds are available for study….” This information about my application is absolutely wrong. Firstly, I’m a female, I didn’t apply for biochemistry, I didn’t apply to University of Regina, I never stated my studies would be funded by my uncle. All these information are false and I feel this is why the application was denied. We contacted the ATIP officer, but he/she replied ATIP office is not in charge of dealing with this kind of issue. I’m currently stuck and don’t know how to proceed on this issue or who to contact. Your help on who to escalate this to would be appreciated. kindly assist. Thank you.

  71. Wow. I cannot thank you enough for this guide! I just found out today that you can find out the detailed reasons of visa denial, but I was very confused once I got to the atip website, until I found this post. Seriously, this is absolutely invaluable. Keep doing what you do.

    • Thank you very much Micaela. Please feel free to leave a positive comment on our Canadian Immigration Podcast Facebook Page as well. I would really appreciated it.

      • Sure! Also, I was just wondering – if you request the physical file, are the electronic notes included? Would it be a bad idea to submit a second request for the electronic notes as well if I’m already waiting on the physical file? Thanks so much 🙂

  72. I would like to thank you for this guidance. I am definitely sure it would save us the hassle of being rejected over and over. My situation that my wife’s application for TRV was rejected. She was planning to visit her brother, who is a Canadian citizen. The reason was indicated “Purpose of Visit”. That is a really vague answer since the invitation letter states clearly the purpose. My further enquiries as following :

    – Would it be better to retain a lawyer for my second attempt under whatsoever notes given?

    – Providing that the only reason in the refusal letter was addressed, do you think different visa officer would come up with different reasons (In my case, other than Purpose of visa)


  73. hello there,
    i am currently working here in hongkong as a domestic helper. my working visa was refused last month,september, and reapplied my visa again october 17,exactly 2 weeks today(hongkong time). how long will it takes to know the result of my visa? hope to hear from you,thanks


  74. I apply for online study permit on 21 October, 2016, since then have been following an update from the CIC website, no update on my visa account. All is not needed at this time. What might be the cause ? Thanks

  75. Dear sir/
    I recently have rejected for Canada visa. I complain the refusal reason. They answer me again after one month. The reason that they sent for me is as bellow and I have a chance to complain again during the following 60 days.
    “Applicant has limited prior travel and moderate travel of establishment. I consider the incentive to remain in Canada may outweigh the applicant’s ties to Iran.”
    I intent to apply again but I cant recognize my weakness to compensate it. could you please help me to apply again for Canada? If you need, I can forward the their email to you,
    Thank you

    • I am maxwell from Ghana.I was refused student visa this year based on insufficient funds,travel history,purpose of visit, personal asset and financial status.My sponsor provided enough funds to proof he can pay the fees and have alot in excess.I attached my admission letter and a personal asset that my mother bought for me.I have not traveled to any country because i do not want to waste money and this is the right time for me to travel and study.
      I am 21yrs and i am surprised when i was refused on my financial status.My mother wants to put part of my fees in an accounts that she wants to open for me.I want to know if it will help in my next application.

  76. Hi dear,
    I am HAIDER Syed Zulfiqar an FIH International Grade-A Hockey Umpire of World Hockey from Pakistan I have been visited entire the world several times. I have also been visited Canada twice in 2012-13 & last time I have issued a multiple visa of Canada. But unfortunately my passport on which the said visa of Canada & USA valid visa were embossed was lost. I have reported the both embassy about the lost of my passport & have applied for replacement visa accordingly but the both embassy were directed me that I may apply for new visas instead of replacement. Now I have applied for new visa which has been refused by Canadian Embassy & alleged a refusal of “Purpose of visit”….? I was much surprised about the allegation, because I have already issued the twice visas of Canada with the same purpose of visits? Now I want to apply again for a TRV kindly help me how I can apply for that & My lost passport it has been received by some unknown person through courier. Regards.

  77. Hello, I’m applying for Study permit in Canada.
    My US visa was refused under 214(b), will this thing can affect my visa?
    I’ve 6.5 ielts and applying through SPP process.

  78. Hello mark,

    I feel blessed by this post and for that I am grateful. I just wanna get a clearer understanding on something. My question comes from the second paragraph under the “what happens next sub-heading”.
    Now I intend applying for a physical file via a friend of mine who has got his PR and is based in Canada. Hence the reply would be sent directly to him after which he will send to me in Nigeria. My question is how long would it take him to get a response since it is not from a consulate abroad 30 days or 60days?

    • Hello,
      My study permit got refused because I don’t have traveling history. what can I do to get it approved ? I want to reapply for new study permit.

  79. Hello, thank you for your post. I am an F1 student currently working in New York. I applied to Canada tourist visa online. And the reason of rejection is that I did not submit my I-20 (proof of F1 status in America). There is no guidance for me to do so and the officials did not reach out to me to submit additional materials. If they did, it is a matter of seconds for me to email, fax or upload the I-20. I tried calling or emailing them because missing documents should not be a reason to close my application completely, without reaching out to me first. But i have never heard back. Could you please opine on what I should do?

  80. Hi Mark,
    Thank you for posting such a complete and easy to understand guide to complete the Access to Information and Privacy online request. Your guide made it fairly easy for me to apply to get additional information on behalf of my cousin whose Temporary Residence visa application was denied. The form letter indicates “travel history” as the reason for denial of the visa but provides no help at all as to what they found lacking or objectionable.

    Thank you again! Ghani.

    • The same reason why my study permit application was refused. I want to reapply what can I do to overcome the issue of travel history ?

      • This is probably one of the easiest things to overcome. Just travel more. I don’t know where you live but travel to nearby countries. Canada wants to see that you’ve been to other countries. I have to overcome this too since I had only visited 2 countries when I applied. I will try to apply again next year and by then I should have visited 5 countries. Perhaps that will work. The reasons I got rejected was because of lack of travel and due to family ties in my home country except that everyone in my family lives in my home country except my sister who lives in Canada. I was also 35 at the time I applied, unmarried with no children so perhaps they thought I would overstay which is not true at all and I’m not just giong to have 3 kids just to prove that I have greater ties to my country.

  81. Hi Mark,

    I applied for a Study Permit based on a letter of acceptance that I received from my school in Ontario later last year. After receiving the letter of refusal of my Study Permit from the CIC, I applied for an ATIP request so that the I get all the information related to the refusal of my application available to me. The CIC officer has logged the following two notes onto my application:

    Note 8:

    Note 9:

    I’m a Construction Engineer with 9 years’ work experience and I applied for a Construction Management Post Graduate Certificate Program (Length of program is 2 years). My bank statement that I have attached to my application does NOT show any recent deposits or recent infusion of funds as per refusal letter. I have rather had these funds in my bank for the past 2 years. The mistake that led to the quick refusal is perhaps happened because I converted the bulk of my funds from my saving account into time deposits that might show in my statement to an inexperienced officer as infusion of new funds/recent deposits.

    I applied for a visitor visa to Canada couple of times before between 2012 and 2016 and I was refused. This was mentioned in the officer’s Note 8.

    Being of age 30 does not mean I have false intention to study Construction Management.

    My question is:
    What would be my best course of action, to contact the Visa Office Program Manager or the Case Management Branch at NHQ to request that the application being re-adjudicated, or is it better to for me to go ahead and proceed with an Application for Leave to commence Judicial Review at the Federal Court of Appeal?

    Let me know your opinion.

    Thank you,

  82. Hi , I can only say , you are perfect guy who prepared a valuable step-by-step guide like this as without it , it would be so difficult to choose the answer of some of questions, I really appreciated your effort to prepare such a nice guideline. All the best , Reza

  83. Hi Mark,

    My brother temporary Visa was just denied recently. I thought to send the Immigration Officer a complain letter as I believe his Visa was denied unfairly. He traveled from Iran to Turkey just for his interview and he didn’t even get a chance to have the interview. Then a couple of weeks later he got an email of their standard denied letter. How could this be respectful of Canadian embassy when a person travels from one country to another country to have his interview and they only take his document and not even take a few minutes to interview him?

    Can you please advise,

    Kindly regards,
    Toktam Jahandideh